Post-Human Factors Syllabus 2017
Rhode Island School of Design | Department of Interior Architecture & Adaptive Reuse | Fall 2017
Critic: Michael Leighton Beaman
INTAR 2381-01 | Monday 9:00am - 12:00pm
INTAR 2381-02 | Monday 1:00pm - 4:00pm
Ivy Song : firstname.lastname@example.org
Ewa Podgorska : email@example.com
Photographer: Jabai Zuberi
WHY POST-HUMAN FACTORS:
Any notion of architecture as a design artefact is preceded by an understanding of ourselves as the predominant spatial referent. Architecture's human antecedent, a collection of physiological, cognitive, and social definitions, is already embedded in any act of creation, phenomenology of experience, or body of knowledge we engage or produce.
However, with the emergence of ecology metaphors to contextualize the inter-connectivity of humans and non-humans alike at a multiplicity of scales, along with the development of technologies that challenge our understanding of autonomy, the degree to which humans occupy the a priori position in the design process, has been called into question.
This de-centering of humanity as the dominant if not sole arbiter of meaning, measure of relevance, or generator of value that has created a post-humanist milieu for architects and designers. Yet, we are always tethered to a anthropocentric state of being.
How do designers reconcile these two oppositional imperatives within design thinking? What defines a technology and an ecology? What are the historical relationships between humans and technologies? And, how do these relationships impacted the built environment?
These will be central questions explored in Post-Human Factors.
This seminar examines the changing definitions of human and the manifestation of human-technological conditions through spatial and artifactual production. Though our primary interest will focus on the implications on spatial design, we will borrow from ergonomics/human factors research, which positions design as a part of a techno-human assembly; and philosophies of technology, which seek to understand the relationships between our devices (which includes ones we can inhabit) and ourselves.
Our course engages two domains of inquiry: Discourses and Practices. We will explore these two domains simultaneously through critical readings, films, podcasts, and class discussions; and course assignments . The intent is that theory opens up possibilities for practice, and practices produces new territory for theory.
Through lectures, readings and discussions, our exploration of theory will delve into contemporary post-humanist design thinking, the discourse on technology and design, and historical texts which have laid the foundation for this domain. Our foray into practices will investigate the ways in which we engage, challenge or are complicit in the perpetually intertwining human-technological relationships through the systems, spaces and objects we create and utilize, through a series of design assignments.
You will be introduced to, and expected to incorporate, both digital and mechanical techniques for collecting, utilizing, and communicating anthropocentric / techno-centric data to complete a series of assignments. The goal of these assignments is to develop your ability to engage anthropogenic data-driven design and manufacturing processes, integrate conceptual and technical knowledge, and challenge existing relationships between the spatial, technological, and biological aspects ofwhat it means to be human within a shared environment.
To successfully complete this module you will be expected to: participate in class reviews, tutorials, presentations and discussions; to work effectively and productively, both individually and in groups; and to synthesize the information presented in tutorials, lectures and readings to complete assignments and presentations.
All work and participation is graded using a points systems. Points are determined from using 3 criteria, and distributed by the stated percentages and/or points. Points translate to gradse from A - D in +/- increaments.
GRADING PERCENTAGES / POINTS:
This module counts for 50% of your entire Human Factors grade. Grade distribution for this module is as follows:
80 pts._ Assignments + Final Submission
25 pts._ Readings & Class Discussion
Grading will be determined by how well each student performs in the following areas:
Understanding + Application
The understanding of the course/studio project at hand, combined with an appropriate process of inquiry & development of a consistent and rigorous analysis/design process with clearly articulated ideas.
Craft + Execution
The ability to accurately and precisely craft a digital and physical response to the analysis/design assignment. This includes the ability to clearly and concisely communicate ideas, and produce well-formed digital and physical: models, diagrams, drawings, and images the project.
The ability to engage in the assignment with fellow students and your instructor & the ability to receive criticism and incorporate this into your project’s development. Your ability to work in groups, meet deadlines, and contribute to studio culture.
A | Excellent: 90 - 100 points
Project / Course Work surpasses expectations in terms of inventiveness, appropriateness, verbal and visual presentation, conceptual rigor, craft, and personal development. Student pursues concepts and techniques above and beyond what is discussed in class. Project is complete on all levels.
B | Good: 80 - 90 points
Project / Course Work is thorough, well researched, diligently pursued, and successfully completed. Student pursues ideas and suggestions presented in class and puts in effort to resolve required projects. Project is complete on all levels and demonstrates potential for excellence.
C | Acceptable: 70 - 80 points
Project / Course Work meets the minimum requirements. Suggestions made in class are not pursued with dedication or rigor. Project is incomplete in one or more areas.
D | Poor: 60 - 70 points
Project / Course Work is incomplete. Basic skills, technological competence, verbal clarity, and/or logic of presentation are not level-appropriate. Student does not demonstrate the required design skill and knowledge base. Work is incomplete.
Software & Hardware
This course focuses on the use of technologies to create and realize spaces and objects with an understanding that these spaces and objects are themselves technological artifacts. For more on this stance of "nested" technologies see. Authur xxx
SOFTWARE & HARDWARE:
Each student is required to have a laptop with the following software installed on the first day of class. Each student must complete any required training associated with the use of the plotters and laser-cutters. You will be expected to use this software and hardware throughout this module.
- Rhino 5 (also available at the RISD art supply store for approx. $90)
- Grasshopper (latest release)
- Human (Grasshopper Plug-In)
- Elefront (Grasshopper Plug-in)
- Mesh Tools (Grasshopper Plug-In)
- Mesh+ (Grasshopper Plug-in)
- Weaver Bird (Grasshopper Plug-in)
- Adobe CS Suite (Illustrator, Photoshop & InDesign)
- Google cardboard apps (windows, android, and iOS) **
- Structure Object Scan **
Hardware & Training Requirements
- Laser Cutter training (@ BEB shop & CIT 6th Floor Fab Lab)
- CNC Mill training (@ BEB shop & CIT 6th Floor Fab Lab)**
- 3D printer training (Dimensions Printer and/or Shape Ways)
- Co-Works training (TBD)**
- Structure Scanner for iPad**
The following adhere to the Rhode Island School of Design polices and may impact your grade. Please read carefully.
Students are required to participate in all class activities. Participation includes completing assignments and group presentations, contributing to class discussions, and presenting work. Each student is expected to come to class prepared with questions and comments about assigned reading(s), and completed assignments.
Students who are 15 minutes late to class will be marked late. 3 late days = 1 unexcused absence. 2 unexcused absences will result in a lowering of one letter grade, and an additional letter grade for each unexcused absence thereafter. Regardless of tardy of absence, students are responsible to complete all assignments, presentations, and readings on time, unless alternative arrangements have been made with the instructor.
RISD is committed to the principles of intellectual honesty and integrity. Members of the RISD community are expected to maintain complete honesty in all academic work, presenting only that which is their own work in tests and assignments.
STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES:
Any student who feels s/he may require accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the instructor privately at the beginning of the semester to discuss specific needs. Please contact the Office of Student Development and Counseling Services directly to coordinate reasonable accommodations.
Students are required to submit documentation of their work to both the instructor and RISD. Late submissions will be graded accordingly. Incomplete and/or failing grades will be given to any student who fails to submit both sets of work documentation.
Documentation of all assignments and final project must be submitted to the instructor via Google Drive folder (link will be provided). This submission must include the following:
1. Packaged InDesign file + PDF of final project board
2. Photos of your final construction
3. All files and requirements from previous assignments
File naming convention: Beaman_A01_Diagram
Documentation of your final project is required via RISD server submission using RISD documentation standards found here
Practices & Discourses
Assignments and Presentations are due on the Monday following their assignment at 9:30am for both Sections. Assignments and Presentations should be uploaded to the proper sub-folder in the course Google Drive folder. Request access here.
You will be working in groups for both assignments and presentations. You are expected to contribute equally to the research, conceptual development and physical production of all group work. Your groups are as follows
Mourning Session Groups | INTAR 2381-01
A: Tiberiu Alexandru | Shuyi Gu | Iris Kuo | Elena Tepavac
B: Hui Bao | Gabe Gurrera | Hyun Kyu Lee | Chencong Zhang
C: Mariah Bennett | Jinhee Hyun | Nakeia Medcalf
D: Simin Chu | Hayon Kim | Lila Pickus
E: Paige Davidson | Kylie King | Toban Shadyn
Afternoon Session Groups | INTAR 2381-02
F: Jiaying Bai | Marla Mrowka | Vishnu Uppalapati | Nan Zou
G: Xuecheng He | Shuchen Peng | Jeremy Wolin
H: Jiayi Huang | Laura Rodriguez | Sungkyu Yang
I: Paola Monding | Ju Hyun Shin | Menghan Zhou
Each week you will be asked to complete one step in a course project. These assignments will require you to use digital and mechanical technologies, and work both in groups and individually. Assignments are available on the course website and are due at the beginning of class. This includes any file submission requirements.
Assignment Schedule & Topics*
Week 01 | Assignment 01 | due Oct. 30
Week 02 | Assignment 02 | due Nov. 06
Week 03 | Assignment 03 | due Nov. 13
Week 04 | No Classes
Week 05 | Assignment 04 | due Nov. 27
Week 06 | Assignment 05 | due Dec. 03 @ 9:00am
Week 07 | Assignment 06 | due Dec 09 @ 5:00pm
We will examine discourses on human factors in design. Each week we will have a 45 - 60 minute discussion on assigned media (readings, films, tv episodes, and podcasts). Using the schedule below, one group will lead a discussion about that week's assigned discourse. The group leading the discussion is expected to identify key concepts, issues, concerns, and questions, drawing correlations between these and our course project. Everyone is expected to have questions and comments about each week’s reading and participate in class discussion.
Media & Discussion Schedule
Week 01 | N/A
Discussion: Groups A & F
text: Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Phenomenology of Perception . pp 143 - 155
Podcast: Imaginary Worlds: Humans, New and Improved
Discussion: Groups B & G
text: Bruno Latour: Technology is Society Made Durable. pp 103 - 131
Podcast: On The Media, Uncanny Valley
Discussion: Groups C & H
text: Foucault, Michel. Panopticism
Discussion: Groups D & I
Week 06 | N/A
References & Further Reading
Additional text which expand on the concepts covered in this course, and/or provide historical contexts and references for assignments, presentations, and seminars.
Alexander, Christopher. " Goodness of Fit" in On the Synthesis of Form. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964. 15 - 27
Beaman, Michael. "Gentlemen Do (Not) Operate Machinery" in Traces and Trajectories. Austin: University of Texas Press. 2011, 47-49
Hayles, Katherine N. How We Became Posthuman. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 1999
Heidegger, Martin. The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays, W. Lovitt, Trans., New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1977.
Heidegger, Martin, John Macquarrie, and Edward Robinson. Being and Time. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1962.
Hooke, Robert; Martin-Duque, Jose; Pedrazza, Javier. “Land Transformation By Humans: A Review” GSA Today. V.22, No.12, Dec. 2012. pp. 4 - 10.
Winner, Langdon. "Do Artifacts Have Politics" in Daedalus, Vol. 109 No 1, 1980. 121-136.
Lynn, Greg. 1993. "Body Matters", Journal of Philosophy and the Visual Arts: The Body. Ed, Andrew Benjamin. London: Academy Group, 61-19.
Plato, and Benjamin Jowett. " Protagoras" in The Dialogues of Plato. New York: Random House, 1937, 1213 - 16 (excerpt)
Massumi, Brian. “Strange Horizon: Buildings, Biograms and the Body Topologic”, in Massumi, Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation. (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002) pp. 177-207
Meister, David. “The Formal History of HFE”, Ch. 04 in The History of Human Factors and Ergonomics. (London, Lawrence Erlbaum Asso. 1999) pp. 146 - 182.
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 2010. Phenomenology of Perception. Trans. Colin Smith. London: Routledge.
Nagel, Thomas. What is it Like to be a Bat? in The Philosophical Review LXXXIII, 4 1974. 435-50
Picon, Antoine. 2010. Digital Culture in Architecture: An introduction for the Design Professions. Basel: Birkhauser
Rabinbach, Anson. The Human Motor: Energy, Fatigue and the Origins of Modernity, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990).
Reed, Christopher; Lister, Nina-Marie. “Ecology and Design: Parallel Genealogies” Places Journal, April 2014. (Actar - 2014) placesjournal.org (accessed: Sept. 8, 2014)
Simondon, Gilbert. On the Mode of Existence of Technical Objects. Deleuze Studies 5.3 (2011) 407-424. Translated by Nuinian Mellamphy, Dan Mellamphy, Nanadita Biswas Mellamphy.
Taylor, Frederick Winslow. The Principles of Scientific Management (1911). reprinted by Dover Publications, Mineola, NY, 1998.
Tilley, Alvin. “50 Percentile Man and 50 Percentile Woman” in The Measure of Man, Ergonomics in Design, Revised Edition, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002.
Dreyfuss, Henry. The Measure of Man and Woman, Ergonomics in Design, New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1966. (excerpts)
Americans with Disciplines Act: Accesibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities 2010. U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. Washington DC. www.access-board.gov
Americans with Disabilities Act: Standards for Accessible Design. U.S. Dept. of Justice. www.ada.gov
Americans with Disabilities Act: Checklist for Existing Buildings. U.S. Dept. of Justice. www.ada.gov
Panero, Julius & Martin Zelnik. Human Dimension & Interior Space: A Source Book of Design Reference Standards. Watson-Guptill; Revised ed. 1979
* subject to change